Recent Archaeological Finds from Northern China Presented in Exclusive Exhibition at The Clark

Civilian Official and Military Officer, Tang Dynasty. Gansu Provincial Museum, Lanzhou

(WILLIAMSTOWN, Mass.) – Unearthed: Recent Archaeological Discoveries from Northern China, featuring rare Chinese burial objects in an exclusive exhibition that considers both the discovery and the impact of modern Chinese archaeology, opens Saturday, June 16, 2012, at The Clark and runs through October 21, 2012. The exhibition features objects recently excavated from sites in the Shanxi and Gansu provinces and never before seen outside of China, including a full-size stone sarcophagus discovered intact in 2004. Unearthed leads The Clark’s interrelated summer exhibition program of four exhibitions, including three presentations in Williamstown and one in New York.

On Friday, June 15, The Clark will host a Chinese-themed party beginning at 7 p.m. to celebrate the opening of two summer exhibitions, Unearthed: Recent Archaeological Discoveries from Northern China in The Clark’s main galleries and Through Shên-kan: Sterling Clark in China at Stone Hill Center. Then & Now, a presentation of photography by Li Ju, will also be on display at Stone Hill.

Qin Jun of the Ping Li Chinese Music Ensemble plays the guzheng

Guests are invited to enjoy music performed by the Ping Li Chinese Music Ensemble and drinks and delicacies with an Asian flair served in a lively street festival atmosphere. The menu will include grilled skewers, spring rolls, steamed dumplings, pot stickers, scallion pancakes, noodle bowls and sweet rice lotus leaf packets; complimentary beer and wine, as well as sweets, coffee and champagne, also will be served. Tickets are $125 ($100 members) and may be purchased online or by calling 413-458-0524.

The Ping Li Chinese Music Ensemble performs traditionally inspired Chinese music that is rich in ornamentation, ranging from music of ancient China and folk melodies to mid-19th century and classical music. Featured instruments include the yangqin (Chinese dulcimer), played in China since the end of the Ming dynasty (c. 1600 c.e.); the guzheng, or zheng, a two-stringed plucked instrument of the zither family, the most ancient of Chinese musical instruments; and the erhu, a bowed two-stringed instrument resembling a long-necked vertical violin, introduced in China at the time of the Han Dynasty (c. 140 b.c.e.).

The exhibitions are part of The Clark’s current cultural exchange initiative with China and were inspired by a scientific expedition to Northern China undertaken by The Clark’s founder in 1908 to document the region’s terrain, ecology, and meteorological conditions. In 2008, the Clark initiated a series of cultural exchange programs through China’s Ministry of Culture to connect Sterling Clark’s pioneering work in China with contemporary audiences. It is through these efforts that special permission has been granted to allow these rare archaeological objects to travel to America for exhibition at the Clark.

Zhenmushou (Tomb Guardian Beast), Tang dynasty (618–907 CE)

The 2012 exhibitions also commemorate the 100th anniversary of the publication of Through Shên-kan: The Account of the Clark Expedition in North China, 1908–9, written by Sterling Clark and naturalist Arthur deCarle Sowerby to document the events and findings recorded by their expeditionary team during the 17-month trek across the remote regions of Northern China.

“At a time when recent archaeology is changing China’s evolving sense of its own history, it is important to explore how these kinds of discoveries are affecting contemporary China’s reconsideration of its past,” says Michael Conforti, director of The Clark. “This exhibition not only celebrates the magnificent objects discovered through archaeology, but also examines how recent archaeological finds are influencing modern China’s sense of its cultural identity.”

In addition to Unearthed, The Clark’s is presenting exhibitions that explore the little-known story of Sterling Clark’s expedition. In New York, The Clark has commissioned artist Mark Dion to create an installation, Phantoms of the Clark Expedition, on view at the Explorers Club from May 9–August 3, 2012. In Williamstown, artifacts, objects, and historic documents and photographs from the expedition are being presented at the Clark’s Stone Hill Center in the exhibition Through Shên-kan: Sterling Clark in China (June 16–September 16, 2012). A small photographic installation Then & Now: Photographs of Northern China (June 16–September 16, 2012), which juxtaposes historic images taken during the Clark expedition with modern views of the same sites by Chinese photographer Li Ju, is being presented at Stone Hill Center.

Sarcophagus, Northern Wei dynasty (386–535 CE), tomb dated 477 CE

Unearthed: Recent Archaeological Discoveries from Northern China features a selection of antiquities recently excavated from ancient tombs in the Shanxi and Gansu provinces. The objects in the exhibition were found in three different tombs. The highlight of the exhibition is a monumental fifth-century stone sarcophagus in the form of a traditional Chinese house, which measures nearly 8 ft. x 12 ft. The sarcophagus weighs more than 10 tons and consists of 108 pieces of stone. Its installation at the Clark is the first time in which the burial house will be fully assembled since being removed from the Shanxi province excavation site in 2004. Several earthenware burial figures of animals and people removed from the same tomb are included in the exhibition. Six objects in the exhibition come from a tomb discovered in 2009 in Gansu province. Included among these is a group of magnificent polychrome terra cotta tomb guardians—some measuring more than 4 feet high—that are displayed exactly as they were positioned when placed in the tomb in the eighth century. Other ornamental artifacts in the exhibition, including a Buddhist stele and reliquary, reflect the cultural diversity of China’s Silk Road.

The exhibition is organized by The Clark’s curatorial team, working in collaboration with guest curator Annette Juliano of Rutgers University, a major contributor to the professional and public discourse on the innovative advances happening through recent archaeology in China.

The exhibition is presented in the special exhibition galleries of the Clark’s Manton Research Center on the Williamstown campus. Unearthed is supported by an award from the National Endowment for the Arts.

Phantoms of the Clark Expedition, an installation by Mark Dion, considers the Clark expedition with a distinctly contemporary eye. Curated by Lisa G. Corrin, Director of Northwestern University’s Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, the new work by Dion consists of dioramas and sculptures of “specimens” relating to and inspired by the 1908 expedition, as well as tools and materials that would have been used on scientific explorations of the period. Inspired by early installations in museums of natural history, most objects in the installation are fabricated of papier-mâché and left unpainted so that Dion’s specimens reflect the “bones” of a past era. Among the artifacts is a life-size model of a boar similar to one that was captured on the Clark expedition, an oversized squirrel and moth, and evocative dioramas of campfires and expeditionary implements.

Sitting Camel, Northern Qi dynasty (550–577 CE), tomb dated 570 CE

The Clark’s selection of The Explorers Club as the site of the installation underscores the Club’s connections both to the history of exploration and to the Clark family. The Explorers Club is housed in a townhouse at 46 East 70th Street that was originally commissioned in 1911 by Sterling Clark’s brother Stephen as a wedding gift for his bride. Sterling (then resident in Paris) and Stephen maintained a lively correspondence during the construction process as the brothers consulted on many of the architectural elements incorporated in the house. Stephen Clark used the house’s large fifth-floor room (that today serves as The Explorers Club’s Trophy Room) to display works from his modern art collection. Today, The Explorers Club building is also the home of the Clark’s New York office. This exhibition and its interpretation are supported by the Fernleigh Foundation and David Rodgers.

Through Shên-Kan: Sterling Clark in China, presented in the galleries of the Stone Hill Center on The Clark’s Williamstown campus, tells the story of the 1908-9 expedition that provided the impetus for the Clark’s current collaboration with Chinese cultural institutions. The exhibition lends fresh insight into Sterling Clark’s early life and interests and explores the influences that inspired him to undertake the scientific expedition, as well as examining its impact and relevance today. Included in the exhibition are original equipment and artifacts used during the trek, historic documents and photographs taken during the journey, and several of the specimens collected by the naturalists who were a part of the Clark team. Clark undertook the journey with the intent of mapping the region, collecting biological specimens and scientific data, and compiling photographic documentation of the lands and people of the Shanxi and Gansu provinces, all of which was donated to the nascent collections of the Smithsonian Institution. In addition to objects from the Clark’s archival holdings, the exhibition features several animal and avian specimens and historic photos on loan from the Smithsonian’s archives. The exhibition, curated by the Clark’s Assistant Deputy Director Thomas J. Loughman, draws heavily upon the Clark/Sowerby account detailed in their 1912 book, Through Shên-kan: The Account of the Clark Expedition in North China, 1908-9. This exhibition is supported by the Fernleigh Foundation.

Then & Now: Photographs of Northern China presents a series of contemporary images taken by Chinese photographer Li Ju juxtaposed with the same scenes as photographed during the Clark expedition. Li first viewed the Clark expedition photographs on the Institute’s website—an adjunct presentation of an exhibition organized by the Clark and presented at three Chinese museums in 2008. Inspired by the account of this early exploration of his homeland, Li undertook a photographic mission to rephotograph the same sites as a personal challenge, eventually capturing the interest of Chinese national television and Chinese National Geographic magazine, both of which have featured his work in major presentations. Li’s modern photographs are paired with those taken more than 100 years ago, providing a unique opportunity to consider the changes that have transformed China in the last century. Then & Now is being presented in the Hunter Studio at Stone Hill Center.

All four exhibitions are part of ClarkNOW, a series of programs in Williamstown, New York, and abroad that extend the Clark’s reach and engagement during the construction phase of its current campus enhancement project. The ClarkNOW program includes an international tour of works from the Clark’s noted collection of French Impressionist paintings, which will travel to Shanghai in 2013 as part of the Institute’s on-going engagement with Chinese cultural organizations.

In addition to its summer exhibitions, The Clark’s permanent collection is presented in two new exhibitions, Clark Classic and Clark Remix, housed in the Clark’s Manton Research Center building. Clark Classic highlights a selection of some fifty works in the permanent collection including paintings by Pierro della Francesca, J.M.W. Turner, Thomas Gainsborough, John Constable, John Singer Sargent, Winslow Homer, and Frederic Remington and Edgar Degas’ famed sculpture Little Dancer Aged Fourteen. Clark Remix is a dynamic new exhibition featuring nearly 400 paintings, sculpture, and decorative arts objects from the collection in a dramatic salon-style presentation. The exhibition also features two new interactive applications: uExplore, which provides visitors with in-depth access to information on the objects, and uCurate, which invites visitors to become curators of their own on-line exhibitions.

About the Shên-kan Expedition

The Clark expedition was a massive undertaking, involving a large team of scientists and other specialists who traveled through the remote Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Gansu provinces of Northern China on a 17-month trek to collect scientific data and animal specimens, map the area, and create a photographic record of the region’s lands, architecture, and people. Trained as a civil engineer, Clark brought a scientist’s curiosity and method to the planning of his expedition, assembling a talented professional team that included a surveyor, a doctor and meteorologist, an artist, and British naturalist Arthur deCarle Sowerby (a grandson of the renowned botanist James Sowerby, founder of Britain’s Geological Society), as well as some thirty additional support staff. The expedition was fully outfitted and underwritten by Clark, who had first visited China while serving as an officer in the U.S. Army. Departing from the city of Taiyuan in Shanxi province, the Clark expedition traversed Shên-kan (the provinces of Shaanxi and Gansu), reaching as far westward as Lanzhou before returning to Taiyuan. In all, the team covered nearly 2,000 miles (3,200 km), primarily on horse and mule. The biological and geological specimens collected on the trek were donated to the collections of the young Smithsonian Institution.

About The Clark

The Clark is one of the few institutions in the world with a dual mission as both a museum and leading international center for research and scholarship in the visual arts. The Clark presents public and education programs and organizes groundbreaking exhibitions that advance new scholarship, and its research and academic program includes an international fellowship program and conferences. The Clark, together with Williams College, America’s foremost liberal arts college, sponsors one of the nation’s leading graduate programs in art history.

In 2014, the Clark will open a new Visitor, Exhibition, and Conference Center designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Tadao Ando, which is currently under construction on the Clark’s 140-acre campus. The project is part of a phased campus expansion program that includes the renovation of the Clark’s museum building and Manton Research Center. The Clark’s 1955 museum building has been temporarily closed for renovation as part of the Institute’s campus expansion program.

The Clark is located at 225 South Street in Williamstown, Massachusetts. The Clark is open daily in July and August and is open Tuesday through Sunday throughout the rest of the year. Hours are 10:00 am to 5:00 pm. Admission is free through June 14 and is $15 from June 15 through October 31. Children age 18 and younger, members, and students with valid ID are admitted free on a year-round basis. For more information, call 413 458 2303 or visit The Clark.

The Explorers Club is located at 46 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021 (between Madison and Park Avenues). Exhibition Hours: May 9–June 30: Monday–Thursday, 11–5 pm, Friday, 11 am–8 pm, Saturday, 11 am–1 pm; July 1 –August 3: Monday–Thursday, 11 am–5 pm, Friday, 11 am–8 pm. Admission is free.




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